THE INDIAN MASTER Atisha (984–1052 CE) used the metaphor of a pig and its activities to illustrate the chaos which confusion causes.

The pig of ignorance, because of
   confusion,
Roots around and digs up the nice
   clean grass.
It isn’t attracted to places like
   pure lands
But takes delight where there is dirt.
It smacks its lips in the filthy mire.
And even though its owner will surely
    kill it,
The pig of ignorance is deceived
    by him.
Without any effort to escape, it enjoys
The bait of barley beer lees and
    turnips.

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