In the Buddhist tradition, there are four boundless states, which go by a number of names. Some of you may know them as the four immeasurables, or some as the brahma-viharas. Nonetheless, these are four practices that we can work with in order to not only open our hearts more fully to ourselves and others, but also to start to train in being openness. It’s this second aspect that’s encapsulated in the word boundless. That’s because boundless implies an attitude of how we hold ourselves in the world as well as how we act in interconnection with others, but it also recognizes a sense of peace and freedom that we can access through these practices—through actually learning to be boundless.
When we approach these boundless states as practices, we start with boundless equanimity, because without [it], there’s a risk that the other three boundless states—lovingkindness, compassion, and joyfulness—will become biased. The way we practice [these states] gets affected by how we practice boundless equanimity.
Of course, there’s nothing wrong with you or me for holding these biases. These are natural human responses. But from a Buddhist path perspective, they’re something that we can transform. And we can transform them because right now, they’re limiting us.
Part of the term “boundless” means becoming unlimited. Boundlessness is practicing and transforming ourselves, so we become more unlimited in our relationships.
If we really reflect on what it feels like to have a closed heart, it means we’re cutting off some kind of connection to ourselves or another. Of course, we’re all going to have difficulties with ourselves or another. This is a natural part of life. But the four boundless states on the Buddhist path offer us another way—another way to work in the world.
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